Nitrogen Fixation in Tropical Cropping Systems by Ken E. Giller

Cover of: Nitrogen Fixation in Tropical Cropping Systems | Ken E. Giller

Published by C a B Intl .

Written in English

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Subjects:

  • Science/Mathematics,
  • Soil Microbiology,
  • Tropical Agriculture

Book details

The Physical Object
FormatHardcover
Number of Pages336
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL9893513M
ISBN 100851986714
ISBN 109780851986715

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: Nitrogen Fixation in Tropical Cropping Systems (): Giller, Ken E., Wilson, Kate J.: Books. The second edition of this book, first published in and intended for students and researchers, contains revised and updated material on the theory and practice of nitrogen fixation in tropical cropping systems.

There are 15 chapters in 3 by: PDF | On Jan 1,K.E. Giller and others published Nitrogen Fixation in Tropical Cropping Systems | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate.

Tropical Environments: Climates, Soils and Cropping Systems N2-fixing Organisms in the Tropics The Process of N2-fixation Assessment of the Role of N2-fixation Cycling of Fixed N in Tropical Cropping Systems --Part II Tropical Crops and Cropping Systems Part I Nitrogen fixation in the tropics: tropical environments - tropical soils; nitrogen-fixing organisms in the tropics; assessment of the role of nitrogen fixation; strategies for manipulating symbiotic nitrogen fixation.

Part 2 Tropical crops and cropping systems: cereal crops and grasses - free living and root associated nitrogen-fixing. Book: Nitrogen fixation in tropical cropping systems.

+ pp. ref pp. of Abstract: This book, which is of interest to students, research workers and professionals, aims to present a synthesis of research on biological nitrogen fixation nitrogen fixation. The second edition of this book, first published in and intended for students and researchers, contains revised and updated material on the theory and practice of nitrogen fixation in tropical cropping systems.

There are 15 chapters in 3 parts. Nitrogen Fixation in Tropical Cropping Systems book I, Introduction, contains 5 chapters on tropical environments (climate, soils and cropping systems), nitrogen fixing organisms, the process of.

NITROGEN FIXATION IN TROPICAL CROPPING SYSTEMS 2nd Edition 1 Z:\Customer\CABI\A - Giller - Nitrogen Fixation\A - Giller + Watson - Nitrogen Fixation SET # Nitrogen fixation by leguminous plants is especially important when farmers are trying to minimise fertilizer use for cost or environmental reasons.

This second edition of the highly successful book, first published incontains thoroughly updated and revised material on the theory and practice of nitrogen fixation in tropical cropping systems.

The actual and possible contributions of biological fixation of atmospheric N in tropical agriculture, which can play a crucial role in increasing the sustainability of yields with minimal external inputs, are described. The process of biological N fixation and the organisms which are capable of fixing N in cropping systems of the tropics are described.

Symbiotic Nitrogen Fixation. Symbiotic nitrogen fixation (SNF) is one of the major sources of N for crop production, and it has been estimated that N fixed by bacteria of the genus Rhizobium ranges from to kg ha−1 in the case of many leguminous plants.

From: Plant Macronutrient Use Efficiency, Related terms: Nitrogen Fixation. Get this from a library. Nitrogen fixation in tropical cropping systems. [K E Giller] -- The second edition of this book, first published in and intended for students and researchers, contains revised and updated material on the theory and practice of nitrogen fixation in tropical.

Nitrogen fixation in tropical cropping systems. CAB International, (OCoLC) Material Type: Internet resource: Document Type: Book, Internet Resource: All Authors / Contributors: Ken E Giller; Kate J Wilson. Triple Cropping Systems of Spring Maize, Tropical Grass of Teff (Eragrostis tef) and Winter Cereal Crops to Combine Total Digestible Nutrient Yield with Protein Concentration in Southern Kyushu, JapanYukimi Nakata, Sachiko Idota, Manabu Tobisa, Yasuyuki Ishii.

DOI: /as Downloads Views. Buy Nitrogen Fixation in Tropical Cropping Systems on FREE SHIPPING on qualified orders Nitrogen Fixation in Tropical Cropping Systems: Giller, Ken E., Wilson, Kate J.: : BooksCited by: The economic of using legumes in cropping systems.

An exploratory survey of soybean production in Ayepe, Nigeria. Inoculation des legumineuses en milieu tropical: Recherche, developpement et aspects economiques. Sustainability of nitrogen-fixing cropping systems. Nodulation and nitrogen fixation and transfer in a cowpea/rice cropping system.

Nitrogen Fixing Trees - Multipurpose Pioneers Nitrogen fixation is a pattern of nutrient cycling which has successfully been used in perennial agriculture for millennia. This article focuses on legumes, which are nitrogen fixers of particular importance in agriculture.

Specifically, tree legumes (nitrogen fixing trees, hereafter called NFTs) are especially valuable in subtropical and tropical. Sanginga N, Okogun J A, Manyong V, Dashiell K, Vanlauwe B and Diels J b Nitrogen fixation management of maize/soyabean and maize/Lablab cropping systems in the northern Guinea savanna benchmark area.

In Improvement of High Intensity Food and Forage Crop Systems. 54– IITA Annual Report Nitrogen fixation by nodulated soybean under tropical field conditions estimated by the 15 N isotope dilution technique. Soil Biol. Biochem., 16, – CrossRef Google Scholar. Nitrogen Fixation in Tropical Cropping Systems (2nd Edition) Article in Soil Biology and Biochemistry 34(12)– December with 19 Reads How we measure 'reads'.

Biological nitrogen fixation (BNF), the process by which gaseous N2 is converted into ammonia (NH3) via the enzyme nitrogenase, is crucial for the availability of nitrogen (N) in the terrestrial ecosystem. Some bacteria have the remarkable capacity to fix atmospheric nitrogen to ammonia under ambient conditions, a reaction only mimicked on an industrial scale by a chemical process.

This. biological nitrogen fixation Download biological nitrogen fixation or read online books in PDF, EPUB, Tuebl, and Mobi Format. Click Download or Read Online button to get biological nitrogen fixation book now.

This site is like a library, Use search box in the widget to get ebook that you want. Nitrogen Fixation in Tropical Cropping Systems: Ken E. Giller: Books - or: Ken E. Giller. Nitrogen Fixation. Biological nitrogen fixation (i.e., conversion of N 2 gas to biologically available forms of nitrogen; see Figure 1) rates in coastal waters appear to be generally low (see Chapter ), with an estimated total global continental shelf nitrogen fixation rate of Tg N yr −1 (Galloway et al., ).

Fixation and Excretion of Nitrogen by Tropical in the early season increased yield of the early corn crop but contributed very little to the yield of the late corn crop. The data also revealed that tropical legumes are capable of fixing large quantities of N under improved conditions.

Heichel, D. Barnes, Opportunities for. The only book of its kind to present the science, application, and politics of the use of nitrogen-fixing crop plants across the globe in various environments, Nitrogen Fixation in Crop Production is a problem-solving look forward to the next Green Revolution.

Nitrogen fixation in tropical cropping systems: Author(s) Giller, K.E. Source: Wallingford: CAB International - ISBN - Department(s) Plant Production Systems PE&RC: Publication type: Scientific book (author) Publication year: Keyword(s). COVID Resources.

Reliable information about the coronavirus (COVID) is available from the World Health Organization (current situation, international travel).Numerous and frequently-updated resource results are available from this ’s WebJunction has pulled together information and resources to assist library staff as they consider how to handle coronavirus.

Biological dinitrogen (N2) fixation is a natural process of significant importance in world agriculture. The demand for accurate determinations of global inputs of biologically-fixed nitrogen (N) is strong and will continue to be fuelled by the need to understand and effectively manage the global N cycle.

In this paper we review and update long-standing and more recent estimates of biological. Crotalaria spectabilis and Crotalaria juncea are cover crops (CC) that are used in many different regions.

Among the main attributes of these species are their high potential for biomass production and biological fixation of nitrogen (BNF). Attempting to maximize these attributes, while minimizing water consumption through high transpiration efficiency (TE), is a challenge in the design of.

It is worth mentioning that biologically fixed N 2 must be transferred to neighboring and subsequent non-N 2-fixing crops in the cropping systems for optimum benefits. Nitrogen transfer in cropping systems is often low. Thus, all the estimated N 2 fixed may not be transferred to neighboring and subsequent non-N 2-fixing crops.

Buy Biological Nitrogen Fixation And Sustainability Of Tropical Agriculture: Proceedings Of The Fourth International Conference Of The African Association At The International Institute Of Tropical on FREE SHIPPING on qualified orders.

Harnessing legume-fixed nitrogen in tropical cropping systems upland vs. lowland strategies. Trans 15th World Cong Soil Sci, Acapulco, Mexico 4a Halliday, J. Nitrogen fixation is a process by which molecular nitrogen in the air is converted into ammonia (NH 3) or related nitrogenous compounds in soil.

Atmospheric nitrogen is molecular dinitrogen, a relatively nonreactive molecule that is metabolically useless to all but a few ical nitrogen fixation converts N 2 into ammonia, which is metabolized by most organisms.

Through the process of biological nitrogen fixation (BNF), symbiotic and nonsymbiotic organisms can fix atmospheric N 2 gas into organic N forms (Figure 1).A few living organisms are able to utilize molecular N 2 gas from the atmosphere.

The best known of these are the symbiotic Rhizobia (legume bacteria), nonsymbiotic free-living bacteria such as Azotobacter and Clostridium, and blue-green algae. R.W. Marino, R.

Howarth, in Encyclopedia of Inland Waters, Introduction to Biological Nitrogen Fixation in Aquatic Systems. Nitrogen fixation is the bacterial process whereby molecular N 2 gas is converted to reactive, biologically available forms of nitrogen.

The vast majority of nitrogen on Earth is present as molecular N 2, and is not available to living organisms other than those. Nitrogen fixation in nature.

Nitrogen is fixed, or combined, in nature as nitric oxide by lightning and ultraviolet rays, but more significant amounts of nitrogen are fixed as ammonia, nitrites, and nitrates by soil microorganisms. More than 90 percent of all nitrogen fixation is effected by them.

Two kinds of nitrogen-fixing microorganisms are recognized: free-living (nonsymbiotic) bacteria. Kens research has focused on smallholder farming systems in sub-Saharan Africa, and in particular problems of soil fertility and the role of nitrogen fixation in tropical legumes, with emphasis on the temporal and spatial dynamics of resources within crop/livestock farming systems and their interactions.

Title: Nitrogen fixation in tropical cropping systems: Author: Giller, K.E. Date issued: Access: Closed Access: Reference(s) stikstoffixatie, stikstofbindende.

R.W. Marino, R. Howarth, in Reference Module in Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences, Abstract. Nitrogen fixation is the process whereby molecular N 2 gas is converted to reactive, biologically available forms of nitrogen.

The vast majority of nitrogen on Earth is present as molecular N 2, and before the advent of the agricultural and industrial revolutions, biological nitrogen.

Salvagiotti F, Cassman K G, Specht J E, Walters D T, Weiss A and Dobermann A Nitrogen uptake, fixation and response to fertilizer N in soybeans: a review Field Crop. Res. 1– Crossref Google Scholar.The nitrogen (N) fertilization synthetic or biological is primordial for food production worldwide.

The consumption of N fertilizers in agricultural systems increased in exponential scale, mainly in developing countries.

However, some negative points are associated to industrial N consumption; consequently the industry promoted ways to minimize N losses in production systems of tropical.Non-symbiotic nitrogen (N2) fixation by diazotrophic bacteria is a potential source for biological N inputs in non-leguminous crops and pastures.

Perennial grasses generally add larger quantities of above- and belowground plant residues to soil, and so can support higher levels of soil biological activity than annual crops. In this study, the hypothesis is tested that summer-active perennial.

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